Address: 3NZgavgtZTC1YWYsdtWUC8uMnsPg25ib7B Blockchain ...

Answered by Gav: What are the main issues with Bitcoin integration and will it ever be possible? Same problem with other POW chains? Is Polkadot only going to work with POS chains? How is it trust-less in comparison to Cosmos though?

Bitcoin integration, similar to Ethereum, are difficult to integrate for two reasons. Firstly, they have their own finalisation apparatus (i.e. miners). This is true for all PoW chains. This means it is difficult to reach any absolute guarantees that after Polkadot has finalised some block that depends on an action taken in the Ethereum mainnet or Bitcoin mainnet that action will not be reverted. It is the same issue that exchanges have and why they require "confirmations". For bridges to Bitcoin and Ethereum we will take a similar approach, requiring some substantial number of confirmations before accepting the effective finality of the state-transition.
The second reason it's hard is because neither chain provides a cheap way or recognising an external chain's sovereignty. Bitcoin is particularly bad at this since its scripting capacity is very limited, but with a sufficient degree of miner support, protocols such as SegWit could provide an possible solution. For Ethereum we will likely have a bridge contract which can interpret the GRANDPA protocol attestations.
Polkadot is primarily designed to be a very efficient and minimal heterogeneous multi-chain platform. Bridges to pre-existing or "foreign" chains are one potential use-case for it. Such bridges can be to either PoW or PoS chains and in terms of the Polkadot protocol it makes little difference (as it does in some protocols such as Bitcoin's Sidechains that works specifically with SHA256 PoW and Cosmos's Zones that works only with Tendermint PoS). Polkadot's parachain abstraction is neither PoS nor PoW specific. If you want to call it anything, it's "PoV" or Proof of Validity. As such Polkadot is entirely agnostic. As long as you can succinctly demonstrate that a block is "valid" under your chain's technology (basically this means being able to build a light client), then you can probably plug it into Polkadot one way or another.
submitted by Danceswithunicorns3 to dot [link] [comments]

We are Gav Wood and Andreas M. Antonopoulos and we are writing "Mastering Ethereum". Join us in 20 minutes and ask us anything!

We are Gav Wood (gavofyork), founder of Ethereum, and Andreas M. Antonopoulos (andreasma), author of Mastering Bitcoin and The Internet of Money. We are writing Mastering Ethereum under contract with O'Reilly Media, with a planned publication date in Q1'2018.
Mastering Ethereum is intended as a book for developers, outlining what Ethereum is, how it works and how to write smart contracts and dApps. We are especially interested in finding out what you are most interested in learning from this book.
The book is being developed collaboratively, and open source, on github.
Upon completion, the book will be released as a paperback and ebook on all major publishing platforms. It will also be available to read and share for free under a CC-BY-NC-ND creative commons license. Within a year of the paperback publication, we expect to relax the license to CC-BY-SA, to allow derivative, translation and commercial work.
We welcome community contributions, additions, comments and corrections, as well as code samples. Contributors can add their name (and/or github ID) to the preface as acknowledgment of their contributions
Please ask anything about the book, about the authors or about how to contribute/collaborate.
EDIT: We've answered as many questions as we could handle. Thank you all for your excellent questions, your kind words and your support! Follow the github repo to see the book develop and contribute, read, comment, correct!
The book cover: http://imgur.com/a/6mhA9
submitted by andreasma to ethereum [link] [comments]

Danske bank lukkede min mobilepay midlertidligt ned fordi "kortholder ikke mener, at have givet sin tilladelse til at kortet blev benyttet." Jeg har brug for hjælp

Jeg ved at bankerne ikke bryder sig om Bitcoin. Jeg har fået en mail, hvor jeg skal udfylde følgende.
1. Hvad er dit forhold til afsender? (Du må gerne anføre hvem personen er, hvor du kender personen fra og andet relevant information om afsender)
2. Vil du kunne genkende personen? (Hvis du fik fremvist billeder af personen, ville du da have mulighed for at genkende personen?)
3. Hvad er årsagen til overførslen? (Her kan du skrive hvorfor du skulle modtage beløbet – beskriv gerne hvad der skete i forbindelse med overførslen)
4. Har du dokumentation der kan bekræfte dette? (Vedhæft gerne dokumentation til mailen, eksempelvis et skærmbillede af samtale med afsender)
OBS! Da du er under 18 år, skal vi bede en værge (en af dine forældre) om at udfylde nedenstående:
Jeg solgte Bitcoin over mobilepay. Jeg blev lidt mistænksom da han købte for 250 kr. 2 gange. Bagefter købte han for 750. Han gav mig et screenshot som viste at pengene blev overført, men han havde ikke sent nogle penge. Jeg ventede en time indtil han selv lukkede handlen, hvilket må betyde at han IKKE sendte pengene. Hvad skal jeg gøre?
submitted by John9tv to BitcoinDK [link] [comments]

Can some expain Gavins comment at 40.50 mins please?

Can some expain Gavins comment at 40.50 mins please? submitted by TonyMcCarp to ethereum [link] [comments]

What makes Ethereum so much better than Bitcoin? I've read that Bitcoin allows you to store information on the blockchain but Ethereum stores computer software on the blockchain....can these two functions be accomplished by either currency?

submitted by ethbtc to ethereum [link] [comments]

Has anyone gotten This before?

Ja. Jag vet att du är en pedofil. Jag vet faktiskt mycket mer om dig än du tror.
Jag är en datavetare (specialist på internet säkerhet) med anknytning till gruppen Anonym.
För några månader sedan laddade du ner ett program. Denna applikation hade en speciell kod implanterad medvetet. Sedan det ögonblick du installerade den började din enhet fungera som ett fjärrskrivbord som jag kunde komma åt när som helst.
Programmet gav mig åtkomst till ditt skrivbord, dina kameror, dina filer, lösenord och kontaktlistor. Jag vet också var du bor och var du arbetar ..
Jag observerade dig ganska länge och vad jag har samlat här är överväldigande för dig. Jag vet om dina sexuella preferenser och ditt intresse för unga tonåringar.
Jag har säkrat fyra videofiler som tydligt visar hur du onanerar (fångad från din kamera) till unga tonåringar (fångad från din webbläsare). Limma ihop är ett ganska överväldigande bevis på att du är pedofil.
Tidsstämplarna på videofilerna indikerar den exakta tiden du har onanerat till tonåringar: FEKKE_1565103614.mp4 (30.8 MB) FEKKE_1567386959.mp4 (15.6 MB) FEKKE_1563236973.mp4 (33.5 MB) FEKKE_1564886898.mp4 (48.8 MB)
Jag är inte här för att bedöma moralen i dina sexuella preferenser, jag är här för att tjäna pengar. Eftersom jag vet att du är en rik person och att du bryr dig om ditt rykte är jag villig att ge dig en chans att betala böter.
Du vet vad Bitcoin är, eller hur?
Du måste skicka mig 5.000 EUR i Bitcoin till min speciella adress, annars kommer jag att skicka videofilerna till dina familjemedlemmar, vänner och dina arbetskompisar.
Jag vet att det kan vara tidskrävande att köpa 5.000 EUR värda bitcoin, så jag kommer att ge dig exakt en vecka. Sök på google "hur man köper bitcoin" och skicka det till mig. Nog är nog. Jag har sett nog ...
Om du inte skickar bitcoins på en vecka kommer jag också att skicka dessa videoinspelningar till ditt lokala poliskontor. Ditt liv kommer att förstöras, lita på mig. Överföringsinformation finns nedan ..
Skicka exakt: 0.5288054 BTC
till min bitcoin-adress:
3NhVC2b1TfzGUhhgp6pNMj3h2eyuuNxGkP

(kopiera + klistra)

1 BTC är värt 9.480 EUR just nu, så skicka exakt: 0.5288054 BTC. Se till att beloppet och adressen kopieras korrekt - på det här sättet vet jag att överföringen kommer från dig.
Så snart du skickar bitcoins tar jag bort filmerna från min enhet och tar bort programvaran som låter mig få åtkomst till din enhet.
Om du inte samarbetar kommer jag att börja skicka ut dessa videor till personer du bryr dig om. Inte uteslutet att efter att ha skickat till en person kommer jag att be 10 gånger mer från dig. Jag kan få dig att lida, lita på mig.
Tänk inte ens på att gå till polisen. Om du försöker vet jag det omedelbart och jag skickar dem dina onani videor, pedo.
5.000 EUR är ett bra pris för min tystnad tror du inte?
Du har bara en vecka och bättre agera snabbt.
Skicka exakt: 0.5288054 BTC
till min bitcoin-adress:
3NhVC2b1TfzGUhhgp6pNMj3h2eyuuNxGkP

(kopiera + klistra)

Svara inte på detta e-postmeddelande, det är ett ospårbart engångsmeddelande.
Kom ihåg att jag tittar på dig.
M4rDröM
submitted by RealTasty to Scams [link] [comments]

Har skatteministeriet tjent eller tabt på beskatning af bitcoin?

Hej

Skatteminsteriet brugte en del ressourcer på at formulerer retningslinjer og besvare spørgsmål på om bitcoin skulle beskattes.

Er det noget som ved om det er noget ministeriet har tjent eller tabt på? Jeg selv og de par jeg kender, har skrevet fradrag på årsopgørelsen grundet bitcoin. Er det muligt at se hvor meget det netto gav for staten?
submitted by medtech8693 to Denmark [link] [comments]

Hi! We are Gav Wood and Andreas M. Antonopoulos and we are writing "Mastering Ethereum". Join us July 12 at 13:00 UTC for an AMA

Hello,
We are Gav Wood, founder of Ethereum and Andreas M. Antonopoulos, author of Mastering Bitcoin and The Internet of Money. We are writing "Mastering Ethereum" under contract with O'Reilly Media, with a planned publication date in Q1'2018. Mastering Ethereum is intended as a book for developers, outlining what Ethereum is, how it works and how to write smart contracts and dApps. We are especially interested in finding out what you are most interested in learning from this book.
The book is being developed collaboratively, and under open source, on github (https://github.com/ethereumbook/ethereumbook). We welcome community contributions, additions, comments and corrections, as well as code samples.
On July 12, at 13:00 UTC, we will do an IAMA on /ethereum to answer your questions about the book. Join us!
San Francisco (PDT) 6:00am (July 12) Chicago (CDT) 8:00am (July 12) New York (EDT) 9:00am (July 12) London (BST) 2:00pm (July 12) Berlin (CEST) 3:00pm (July 12) Athens (EEST) 4:00pm (July 12) Tel Aviv (IDT) 4:00pm (July 12) New Delhi (IST) 6:30pm (July 12) Singapore (GMT+8) 9:00pm (July 12) Hong Kong (HKT) 9:00pm (July 12) Shanghai (CST) 9:00pm (July 12) Tokyo (JST) 10:00pm (July 12) Sydney (AEST) 11:00 pm (July 12)
submitted by gavofyork to ethereum [link] [comments]

Inspired by RT Podcast 500, what other Clarifications, Retractions and "I Was Right" moments/statements would the non-main cast have?

The 500th RT Podcast had Gus, Gav, Barb, Burnie and Gus tell theirs, what do you guys think the other podcasters would've said if given the opportunity?
I'll go with Joel would've done the following
Clarification: His Google is stealing your lawnmower analogy totally made sense. For reference
Retraction: You should totally have Invested in Bitcoin in 2011. This Episode
"I Was Right": DYY! DYY! SLV! RANGERS ARE GOING TO THE WORLD SERIES! This RTAA
Brandon would probably be
Clarification: Anything and Everything he said in his first full time appearance on the podcast. (Bread does have calories, Black Widows are poisonous, etc.) RT podcast episode 82
Retraction: He TOTALLY always knew what the scrotum is specifically. In this episode
"I Was Right": The MAGNETIC North Pole is in the South and Vice Versa. This RTAA
BUT PLEASE DON'T USE THE RETRACTION TO BRING SOMETHING UP THAT WOULD BE NOT COOL EVEN IF IT'S FUNNY (We all know what Jack's thing is and any geoff/griffon things shouldn't be brought up if it's gonna be a dick move)
submitted by Ba7ara to roosterteeth [link] [comments]

Er det flere som har merket at bankene strammer inn grepet?

Etterspørselen etter bitcoins i Norge er generelt større enn tilbudet. Det er nok mange som kjøper bitcoins f.eks. gjennom localbitcoins eller sturle i stedet for å kjøpe fra de internasjonale børsene pga mye arbeid med kontoverifisering, lang ventetid, usikkerhet på hvordan kjøpsprosessen fungerer på børsene, kanskje det føles utrygt med utenlandsbetalinger, etc. Jeg har lenge vært en "market maker" på bl.a. Localbitcoins, og har konstant kjøpt bitcoins på ulike internasjonale exchanges for å dekke etterspørselen.
Skandiabanken har truet med oppsigelse av kundeforholdet, de frøs også hele kundeforholdet mitt over en hel helg (og gav ikke noe varsel da de åpnet opp igjen), nå har de sperret muligheten min for å føre penger ut av landet.
Jeg prøvde å opprette konto i Nordea og overføre penger ut den veien, men det tok ikke lang tid før også den kontoen ble sperret, og alle utenlandsbetalingene mine ble kansellert. 200 kNOK er hverken kommet frem eller tilbake, 100 kNOK fikk jeg tilbake ved å si opp kundeforholdet.
Samtidig med at jeg føler økt press fra banken, merker jeg meg også at markedskursene på LBC presses stadig oppover. Forskjellen mellom Sturles midtkurs og hva jeg regner som en fair internasjonal markedskurs nå er 3.5% - bør være godt med arbitragemuligheter der.
Så lenge markedskursen er slik, anbefaler jeg alle som kan å kjøpe kryptovaluta fra utlandet heller enn fra innland. Jeg kommer tilbake med en egen post om hvordan man gjør dette.
submitted by tobixen to BitcoinNO [link] [comments]

Ethereum in the year of the fire monkey! can you keep up?

Soon after we celebrate the two-year anniversary of the official release of the white paper with the one millionth block on the frontier, amazing news keep coming in so rapidly that even the world's fastest client cannot finish syncing before the next incredible story hits.
Since the onset of the chinese new year, the fire monkey's frolics set the whole ethereum ecosystem on fire.
For you indulgence, I cherry picked some recent news:
I mean. Isn't this just crazy? In less than a month?
What is YOUR favourite story?
Bonus points if you give me a reason not to be bullish.
submitted by decypha to ethereum [link] [comments]

Was I just hacked?

I was transferring my Bitcoin from Coinbase to Gatehub. I've been waiting sometime for the verification to be submited on Coinbase, but when it was it sent it to my gatehub address. after waiting for a few hours I decided to look where my Bitcoin was at. I tracked it from Coinbase using Blocktrail, and noticed that it says it was deposited into my Gatehub wallet although it says it never recieved a payment. However I see it transferred to a account from gatehub that I DO NOT recognize. I'll proivide pictures with what I am seeing.
Pictures: https://imgur.com/a/gavBu
submitted by UnarmedWarWolf to Bitcoin [link] [comments]

Was I hacked?

I was transferring my Bitcoin from Coinbase to Gatehub. I've been waiting sometime for the verification to be submited on Coinbase, but when it was it sent it to my gatehub address. after waiting for a few hours I decided to look where my Bitcoin was at. I tracked it from Coinbase using Blocktrail, and noticed that it says it was deposited into my Gatehub wallet although it says it never recieved a payment. However I see it transferred to a account from gatehub that I DO NOT recognize. I'll proivide pictures with what I am seeing.
Pictures: https://imgur.com/a/gavBu
submitted by UnarmedWarWolf to Ripple [link] [comments]

Statement on regulatory framework for virtual asset portfolios managers, fund distributors and trading platform operators

The Securities and Futures Commission (SFC) notes with concern the growing investor interest in gaining exposure to virtual assets via funds and unlicensed trading platform operators in Hong Kong. The SFC has identified significant risks associated with investing in virtual assets and these are set out below. In order to address these risks, the SFC is issuing guidance on the regulatory standards expected of virtual asset portfolio managers and fund distributors. The SFC is also exploring a conceptual framework for the potential regulation of virtual asset trading platform operators.
Background
Technology is transforming the landscape of the financial industry. Distributed ledger technology offers an anonymous way to digitally record ownership of virtual assets and facilitates peer-to-peer trading. A virtual asset is a digital representation of value, which is also known as "cryptocurrency", "crypto-asset" or "digital token". The polymorphous and evolving features of virtual assets mean that they may be, or claim to be, a means of payment, may confer a right to present or future earnings or enable a token holder to access a product or service, or a combination of any of these functions.
Public interest in virtual assets has grown exponentially around the world since the creation of the most widely-known digital token, Bitcoin, in 2008. At its peak in early January 2018, the market capitalisation of Bitcoin and other digital tokens was estimated at more than US$800 billion1. Over 2,000 different digital tokens are currently traded around the world with an estimated total market capitalisation of over US$200 billion. Although the aggregated market capitalisation of digital tokens has fallen substantially from its peak, trading volumes remain substantial. There is also a growing demand for funds which invest in virtual assets.
While virtual assets have not posed a material risk to financial stability2, there is a broad consensus among securities regulators that they pose significant investor protection risks. The regulatory response to these risks varies in different jurisdictions, depending on the regulatory remit, the scale of the activities and their impact on investor interests and whether virtual assets are deemed financial products suitable for regulation.
Under existing regulatory remits in Hong Kong, markets for virtual assets may not be subject to the oversight of the SFC if the virtual assets involved fall outside the legal definition of "securities" or "futures contracts" (or equivalent financial instruments). Therefore, investors who trade in virtual assets through unregulated trading platforms or invest in virtual asset portfolios which are managed by unregulated portfolio managers do not enjoy the protections afforded under the Securities and Futures Ordinance (SFO), such as requirements which ensure safe custody of assets and fair and open markets. If platform operators and portfolio managers are not regulated, their fitness and properness, including their financial soundness and competence, have not been assessed, and their operations are not subject to any supervision.
Risks associated with investing in virtual assets
Virtual assets pose significant risks to investors. Some of these risks are inherent in the nature and characteristics of the virtual assets themselves and others stem from the operations of platforms or portfolio managers.
Valuation, volatility and liquidity
Virtual assets are generally not backed by physical assets or guaranteed by the government. They have no intrinsic value. There are currently no generally accepted valuation principles governing certain types of virtual assets. Prices on the secondary market are driven by supply and demand and are short-term and volatile by nature. The volatility faced by investors may be further magnified where liquidity pools for virtual assets are small and fragmented.
Accounting and auditing
Among the accounting profession, there are no agreed standards and practices for how an auditor can perform assurance procedures to obtain sufficient audit evidence for the existence and ownership of virtual assets, and ascertain the reasonableness of the valuations.
Cybersecurity and safe custody of assets
Trading platform operators and portfolio managers may store clients' assets in hot wallets (ie, online environments which provide an interface with the internet). These can be prone to hacking. Cyber-attacks resulting in the hacking of virtual asset trading platforms and thefts of virtual assets are common. Victims may have difficulty recovering losses from hackers or trading platforms, which can run to hundreds of millions of US dollars.
Virtual asset funds face a unique challenge due to the limited availability of qualified custodian solutions. Available solutions may not be totally effective.
Market integrity
Unlike regulated stock exchanges, the market for virtual assets is nascent and does not operate under a set of recognised and transparent rules. Outages are not uncommon, as are market manipulative and abusive activities, and these all result in investor losses.
Risk of money laundering and terrorist financing
Virtual assets are generally transacted or held on an anonymous basis. In particular, platforms which allow conversions between fiat currencies and virtual assets are inherently susceptible to higher risks of money laundering and terrorist financing. Where criminal activities are involved, investors may not be able to get back their investments as a result of law enforcement action.
Conflicts of interest
Virtual asset trading platform operators may act as agents for clients as well as principals. Virtual asset trading platforms may facilitate the initial distribution of virtual assets (eg, initial coin offerings), facilitate secondary market trading, or both, as in a traditional exchange, alternative trading system or securities broker. If these operators are not under the purview of any regulator, it would be difficult to detect, monitor and manage conflicts of interest.
Fraud
Virtual assets may be used as a means to defraud investors. Virtual asset trading platform operators or portfolio managers may not have conducted sufficient product due diligence before allowing a virtual asset to be traded on their platforms or investing in a virtual asset for their portfolios. As a result, investors may become victims of fraud and lose their investments.
Existing regulatory regime
The SFC has issued a number of circulars clarifying its regulatory stance on virtual assets3. Where virtual assets fall under the definition of "securities" or "futures contracts", these products and related activities may fall within the SFC's ambit. The SFC also reminded intermediaries in a circular dated 1 June 20184 about the notification requirements under the Securities and Futures (Licensing and Registration)(Information) Rules if they intend to provide trading and asset management services involving crypto-assets.
The SFC has undertaken a series of actions against those who may have breached its rules and regulations when carrying out activities related to virtual assets. These include providing regulatory guidance, issuing warning and compliance letters and taking regulatory action5.
However, many virtual assets do not amount to "securities" or "futures contracts". Moreover, managing funds solely investing in virtual assets which do not constitute "securities" or "futures contracts" does not amount to a "regulated activity" as specified under the SFO. Similarly, the operators of platforms which only provide trading services for virtual assets not falling within the definition of "securities" do not fall within the jurisdiction of the SFC. Notwithstanding the above, if firms are engaged in the distribution of funds which invest in virtual assets, irrespective of whether these assets constitute "securities" or "futures contracts", these firms are required to be licensed by or registered with the SFC.
I. Regulatory approach for virtual asset portfolio managers and fund distributors
In the application of the SFC's regulatory powers, many investors in virtual assets are left unprotected by the conventional approach where financial products are classified as "securities" or "futures contracts". The SFC has decided to adopt a way forward which will bring a significant portion of virtual asset portfolio management activities into its regulatory net. The overarching principles and regulatory standards of the regulatory framework are summarised below.
(a) Virtual asset portfolio managers
(i) Scope of supervision
The following types of virtual asset portfolio managers will be subject to the SFC's supervision:
Firms managing funds which solely invest in virtual assets that do not constitute "securities" or "futures contracts" and distribute the same in Hong Kong These firms will typically require a licence for Type 1 regulated activity (dealing in securities) because they distribute these funds in Hong Kong. The management of these funds will also be subject to the SFC's oversight through the imposition of licensing conditions; and
Firms which are licensed or are to be licensed for Type 9 regulated activity (asset management) for managing portfolios in "securities", "futures contracts" or both To the extent that these firms also manage portfolios which invest solely or partially (subject to a de minimis requirement6) in virtual assets that do not constitute "securities" or "futures contracts", such management will also be subject to the SFC's oversight through the imposition of licensing conditions.
(ii) Regulatory standards
In order to afford better protection to investors, the SFC considers that all licensed portfolio managers intending to invest in virtual assets should observe essentially the same regulatory requirements7 even if the portfolios (or portions of portfolios) under their management invest solely or partially in virtual assets, irrespective of whether these virtual assets amount to "securities" or "futures contracts"8.
For this purpose, the SFC has developed a set of standard terms and conditions (Terms and Conditions) which captures the essence of the Existing Requirements, adapted as needed to better address the risks associated with virtual assets. For example, only professional investors as defined under the SFO should be allowed to invest in any virtual asset portfolios (subject to the de minimis requirement). These Terms and Conditions are principles-based and should generally be appropriate to be imposed on virtual asset portfolio managers as licensing conditions, subject to minor variations and elaborations depending on the business model of the individual virtual asset portfolio manager. Some of the key terms and conditions are set out in Appendix 1, "Regulatory standards for licensed corporations managing virtual asset portfolios".
(iii) Licensing process
Licence applicants and licensed corporations are required to inform the SFC if they are presently managing or planning to manage one or more portfolios that invest in virtual assets9. Upon being so informed, the SFC will first seek to understand the firm's business activities. If the firm appears to be capable of meeting the expected regulatory standards, the proposed Terms and Conditions will be provided to the firm (where applicable) and the SFC will discuss them with the firm and vary them in light of its particular business model so as to ensure that they are reasonable and appropriate.
If a licence applicant does not agree to comply with the proposed Terms and Conditions, its licensing application will be rejected. Similarly, if an existing licensed corporation with a VA portfolio does not agree to comply with the proposed Terms and Conditions, it will be required to unwind that portfolio within a reasonable period of time.
After the licence applicant or licensed corporation has agreed with the proposed Terms and Conditions, they will be imposed as licensing conditions.
Failure to comply with any licensing condition is likely to be considered as misconduct under the SFO. This will reflect adversely on its fitness and properness and may result in the SFC taking regulatory action.
(b) Virtual asset fund distributors
Firms which distribute funds that invest (solely or partially) in virtual assets in Hong Kong will require a licence or registration for Type 1 regulated activity (dealing in securities). As such, these firms are required to comply with the Existing Requirements, including the suitability obligations, when distributing these funds. Given the significant risks posed to investors, further guidance on the expected standards and practices when distributing virtual asset funds is provided in the "Circular to intermediaries on the distribution of virtual asset funds" issued by the SFC on 1 November 2018.
Under this arrangement, if a virtual asset fund available in Hong Kong is not already managed by those firms mentioned under section I(a)(i), these funds will still be distributed by firms mentioned under section I(b), all of which are subject to the SFC's oversight. As such, the management or distribution of these funds would be regulated in one way or another by the SFC.
II. Exploring regulation of platform operators
Separately, the SFC is also setting out a conceptual framework for the potential regulation of virtual asset trading platforms in this statement, with a view to exploring (and forming a view after the exploratory stage) whether virtual asset trading platforms are suitable for regulation. If the SFC is minded to license any virtual asset trading platforms, it is proposed that the standards of conduct regulation for virtual asset trading platform operators should be comparable to those applicable to existing licensed providers of automated trading services.
The SFC considers that the regulatory approach under the conceptual framework (if implemented) could provide a path for compliance for those platform operators capable and willing to adhere to a high level of standards and practices, and set licensed operators apart from those which do not seek a licence.
Some of the world's largest virtual asset trading platforms have been seen operating in Hong Kong but they fall outside the regulatory remit of the SFC10 and any other regulators. Owing to the serious investor protection issues identified and having regard to international developments, the SFC considers it necessary to explore in earnest whether and if so, how it could regulate virtual asset trading platforms under its existing powers.
To conduct a meaningful study of the framework, the SFC will work with interested virtual asset trading platform operators that have demonstrated a commitment to adhering to the high expected standards by placing them in the SFC Regulatory Sandbox11.
In the initial exploratory stage, the SFC would not grant a licence to platform operators. Instead, it would discuss its expected regulatory standards with platform operators and observe the live operations of the virtual asset trading platforms in light of these standards. It will also consider the effectiveness of the proposed regulatory requirements in addressing risks and providing adequate investor protection. The SFC will critically consider whether the virtual asset trading platforms are, in fact, appropriate to be regulated by the SFC in light of the performance of these trading platforms in the Sandbox. Factors to be considered include the adequacy and effectiveness of the proposed conceptual framework; ability to comply with the terms and conditions; investors' interests; as well as local market and international regulatory developments.
It may be a possibility that due to the inherent characteristics of the underlying technology or business models of platform operators, the SFC will conclude that risks involved cannot be properly dealt with under the standards it would expect, and that investor protection still cannot be ensured. In that case, the SFC may decide that platform operators should not be regulated by the SFC. For instance, the SFC is not certain at this stage whether platform operators would satisfy the expected anti-money laundering standards, given that anonymity is the core feature of blockchain, which is the underlying technology for virtual assets. The SFC also has to take into account the rapid evolution of the whole virtual asset industry as well as development in the international regulatory community, including the work being done in International Organization of Securities Commissions (IOSCO).
The exploratory stage is crucial for the SFC to understand the actual operations of platform operators to determine whether these platforms are suitable for regulation. If the SFC makes a positive determination at the end of this stage, it would then consider granting a licence to a qualified platform operator. In order not to confuse the public about the regulatory status of platform operators, the identity of the Sandbox applicants in this stage and the discussions will be kept confidential.
If the SFC grants a licence to a qualified platform operator, it will impose appropriate licensing conditions and the operator will proceed to the next stage of the Sandbox. This would typically mean more frequent reporting, monitoring and reviews so that through close supervision by the SFC, operators could put in place robust internal controls and address any of the SFC's concerns arising from the conduct of their business. The SFC may also further consider or refine its regulatory and supervisory approach through intensive dialogue with operators when they are operating in the Sandbox. After a minimum 12-month period, the virtual asset trading platform operator may apply to the SFC for removal12 or variation of some licensing conditions and exit the Sandbox. Licensing conditions (and terms and conditions) imposed in this stage would be made public in the usual way.
Details of the conceptual framework are set out in Appendix 2, "Conceptual framework for the potential regulation of virtual asset trading platform operators".
The SFC will keep the development of activities related to virtual assets in view and may issue further guidance where appropriate.
Market participants are welcome to contact the Fintech Contact Point at [email protected] if they have any questions.
Intermediaries Division
Securities and Futures Commission
1 Website of CoinMarketCap: https://coinmarketcap.com/charts/.
2 Report entitled "Crypto-asset markets - potential channels for future financial stability implications" published by the Financial Stability Board on 10 October 2018: http://www.fsb.org/wp-content/uploads/P101018.pdf.
3 These include the Statement on initial coin offerings dated 5 September 2017, Circular to Licensed Corporations and Registered Institutions on Bitcoin futures contracts and cryptocurrency-related investment products dated 11 December 2017, and the press release, "SFC warns of cryptocurrency risks", dated 9 February 2018.
4 Please refer to the Circular to intermediaries on compliance with notification requirements dated 1 June 2018 for details.
5 For details, please refer to the press release, "SFC's regulatory action halts ICO to Hong Kong public", dated 19 March 2018.
6 That is, only virtual asset portfolio managers which intend to invest 10% or more of the gross asset value (GAV) of the portfolios under its management in virtual assets will be subject to the SFC's oversight in this way.
7 This refers to existing legal and regulatory requirements set out under the subsidiary legislation, the Code of Conduct for Persons Licensed by or Registered with the Securities and Futures Commission, the Fund Manager Code of Conduct and guidelines, circulars and frequently asked questions issued by the SFC from time to time (collectively referred to as "Existing Requirements").
8 This is on the premise that virtual assets, as an asset class, have similar features and risk characteristics, whether or not they amount to "securities" or "futures contracts".
9 For the avoidance of doubt, this notification requirement applies even if (i) the licence applicant or licensed corporation manages or plans to manage virtual asset portfolios with an intention to invest less than 10% of the GAV of the portfolio in virtual assets; or (ii) the virtual assets involved have features of "securities" or "futures contracts" as defined under the SFO.
10 Platforms which offer trading of virtual assets that are not "securities" or "futures contracts" are not subject to the purview of the SFC.
11 Please refer to the press release, "Launch of the SFC Regulatory Sandbox", dated 29 September 2017 for details.
12 For example, the licensing condition on ongoing reporting obligations.
The article is from HK SFC
UEX official international group: https://t.me/uex_en
Twitter: https://twitter.com/UexComOfficial
Medium:https://medium.com/@UexOfficial
Facebook:https://www.facebook.com/UexComOfficial/
Reddit:https://www.reddit.com/UexOfficial/
submitted by uexbruce to UexOfficial [link] [comments]

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submitted by cryptotradingbot to cryptobots [link] [comments]

Bitcoin and Ethereum

There is a lot of talk about: a) price of ether at crowdsale b) price of ether in the coming months c) where ethereum ranks vs. the other crypto market caps.
The price of ether at the crowdsale can be measured in: USD (30-40 cents per ether) ...or BTC (.0005 - .00075 BTC per ether). Now, the BIG difference is - the price of BTC during the crowdsale was around $550 (about double its current price).
With that said, my personal view is - I'm excited about ethereum and its potentially disruptive future (not so much for Bitcoin). For example, just think if several ethereum Dapps were created to coordinate and engineer some sort of an Occupy 2.0 event that was just bombshell BC the whole group could instantly come to consensus on group issues...etc. I'm thinking of Gavin Wood's analogy here: "Internet is to communication, as ethereum is to agreements." Gav also said: "if Bitcoin is a calculator, then ethereum is an iPhone."
My point is - I personally value ethereum much more than bitcoin, so I would never want to sell ethereum for bitcoin. On the other hand, ethereum priced in US dollars is meaningful to me.
If ethereum is successful (and yes there will be road-bumps, just like bitcoin), I don't see why it wouldn't surpass bitcoin's marketcap (not least BC bitcoin is painfully slow for a 2015 technology).
Anyways, your thoughts on ethereum's future and bitcoin's future, and the disruptive potential of each. Also, ethereum priced in USD vs. ethereum priced in BTC and if any of you value bitcoin more than etheruem...thanks :)
submitted by anthony334 to ethereum [link] [comments]

What would happen if someone released the GavinCoin patch today?

I first asked this on BitcoinTalk but wanted to see what /bitcoin thinks about it.
Would there be much harm to the existing bitcoin ecosystem if someone released the gavincoin patch today? (e.g. takes Bitcoin client such as v0.9.2 and simply changes the max to 20MB (or anything above 1MB), sets block nVersion=4, and maybe uses some other network port number).
I would like to see this as it will help us quickly learn the lesson about post-fork fungibility.
Why would anyone mine using this client (or join a pool using it)? Well, because there is demand for gavincoins. Why is there demand? Post-fork there will be two chains. All 13.8 million bitcoins pre-fork are spendable on the gavincoin side as well but if the transaction includes any amount of a gavincoin coinbase the transaction will be rejected on the Bitcoin side.
Initially many of those holding bitcoins (myself included) will want to buy a tiny bit of gavincoin to have some to be able to taint their bitcoins that will then be spent using the gavincoin client. Even if the value of these tainted coins is a pretty trivial amount I probably will still want to sell them for whatever I can get since spending them doesn't impact my ability to use those same coins for spending on the Bitcoin side -- as that side knows nothing about the spend transaction from the gavincoin side (for those transactions that include any amount of gavincoin coinbase).
Because there is this initial demand for these gavincoins it won't take long for an exchange to pop up that offers BTC/GAV trading. (If you still aren't convinced that a market exists, simply look at the orderbooks with buy orders for all those shitcoins).
All then that is needed is a pool to mine using the gavincoin client which attracts at least ~6,650 Th/s (roughly $2.8M worth of the latest ASIC hardware) to cause the gavincoin side to get three blocks per day (the current Bitcoin transaction load is roughly 60MB per day so that daily load could be included in three blocks of 20MB each). Also if this gavincoin client is using a different network port number someone would need to re-broadcast the bitcoin transactions onto the gavincoin fork (and maybe vice-versa so that all transactions that can confirm on both sides of the fork are broadcast on both sides.)
So let's say this gavincoin client comes out today and within a few days the first block on the gavincoin side is mined. There should be no risk to the Bitcoin side of the fork as far as I can see -- at least not initially. Now the gavincoin side ... that wlll have so little hashing capacity so those exchanges accepting gavincoin payments need to consider that a 51% attack against that side of the fork is certainly possible [Edit: after difficulty adjusts down on the gavincoin side a few times].
Then watch and see what happens. Maybe both sides co-exist permanently, who knows.
[Edit: There is however the risk of a transaction that gets made with the intention of it being a gavincoin transaction but then it gets misconstructed where it includes only valid Bitcoins. Since that transaction wouldn't have any gavincoin taint it will confirm on the Bitcoin side. That gives the recipient the valuable bitcoins instead of the low-valued gavincoins.]
[Update 2: A catalyst for the fork would be needed. For that the Gavincoin patch could set a future block number as where the fork will begin and beginning with that block only blocks with nVersion=4 would be valid. Or how about the GavinCoin patch simply rejecting any block that is 1MB or below, and only creates blocks larger than 1MB?]
http://bitcointalk.org/index.php?topic=941331.msg10429306#msg10429306
submitted by sgornick to Bitcoin [link] [comments]

Buying ethers with bitcoins at Frontier

I intend to mine at Frontier to an extent but I'd also like to convert some bitcoins to ethers. I looked into the various options and this is what I've found (using https://docs.google.com/spreadsheets/d/1VdRMFENPzjL2V-vZhcc_aa5-ysf243t5vXlxC2b054g among others):
\1. person to person: do you trust them?
\2. centralized exchanges (kraken, cryptsy, ...)
Gav Wood said: "I’m happy to announce that at least three exchanges will be supporting Ether from day one on their trading platforms (details of which we’ll annouce soon), with more exchanges to follow." (https://blog.ethereum.org/2015/03/02/gavs-ethereum-d%CE%BEv-update-v/) but Ursium then added: "I'll add a bit of a caveat here, as its likely the said exchanges will want to wait for Homestead before trading live. That said, nothing stops an exchange to start trading from Genesis as long as they are comfortable with the checkpoint system of the Frontier release." (http://www.reddit.com/ethereum/comments/2xsazn/which_altcoin_exchanges_will_sell_ethereum/) Yunbi is rumoured to be trading at Frontier though (Rune4444 in https://www.reddit.com/ethereum/comments/35hj4l/buying_ethe), but I have never heard of it personnally
\3. btcrelay: https://github.com/ethers/dapp-bin/tree/btcrelay/btcrelay - "Bitcoin Blockchain Relay"
Not much info in the README file, it seems rather low-level but some explanations were provided by bchain (https://www.reddit.com/ethereum/comments/32tta1/whats_the_status_of_the_btc_twoway_peg_efforts/cqeo66d), maybe the author? In particular, he says that "A relay will exist in Frontier release". One of the links provided on that thread (https://github.com/ethers/serpent-1/pull/1/files) says that "It is a building block that other systems and Dapps can leverage." Lastly Vitalik said this about btcrelay: "Decentralized BTC<->ETH exchange framework right there." (http://www.reddit.com/ethereum/comments/2xsazn/which_altcoin_exchanges_will_sell_ethereum/cp31ssl)
\4. EtherEx: https://etherex.org/ - "A Decentralized Future Calls For A Decentralized Exchange."
I believe this uses btcrelay above, but I'm not sure. It looks great but it doesn't look like Bitcoin trades will be supported directly: "EtherEx itself will support Ethereum sub-currencies only, which will have the ability to be pegged, side-chained or bridged with other coins including Bitcoin" (https://etherex.org/faq) So basically as martinBrown1984s puts it: "Its up to each sub-currency to implement some mechanism, whether usegateway-issued backed assets, some cross-chain or contract-hosted sidechain mechanism, or a price-pegged stablecoin scheme." (http://www.reddit.com/ethereum/comments/2xsazn/which_altcoin_exchanges_will_sell_ethereum/)
\5. btcToEther: https://github.com/ethers/btcToEther - "Creation and finalization of Bitcoin transactions that can be used to obtain Ether via btcrelay"
Uses the above btcrealy too and looks great, but hasn't been touched since March 11... Also point (5) on the README still has a big TODO: "Copy the Transaction Hash and paste it to btcrelay at http://TODO and click on Lookup"
\6. atomic-swap: https://github.com/zack-bitcoin/ethereum-atomic-swap - "Atomic cross-chain trading - trustlessly trade ethereum for other cryptocurrencies."
Also hasn't changed since March 11, and not much information on it
\7. am i missing an obvious one?
Anyone with more info and/or corrections, please comment!
submitted by a-cros to ethereum [link] [comments]

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submitted by aycoinplatform to u/aycoinplatform [link] [comments]

[uncensored-r/CryptoCurrency] Watch out for ICON (ICX)

The following post by Gav-N is being replicated because some comments within the post(but not the post itself) have been openly removed.
The original post can be found(in censored form) at this link:
np.reddit.com/ CryptoCurrency/comments/7kmtym
The original post's content was as follows:
The objective of this post is to share rich yet simple information about ICON (ICX) so that an average Crypto investor can understand the future potential of ICON. Disclaimer – I am a big ICON fan and have done extensive research on ICON over the last 3 months but not related to the team in anyway.
Simply put, ICON is a massive scale blockchain platform that allows –
  1. Decentralized Application (DAPPS) – Build DAPPS on ICON Platform like on Ethereum and NEO. Yes, soon, you will see ICOs happening on ICON platform for different DAPPS
  2. Interchain (Interoperability with Blockchains) – Allows different blockchains connecting to one another through their protocol. ICON is fully compatible with traditional blockchains like Bitcoin and Ethereum and in future can bridge other public blockchains such as Qtum, NEO and many others to achieve their mission statement – “Hyperconnect the world”
  3. Artificial Intelligence (AI) – Use of AI to ensure all nodes contributing to ICON Republic/platform are rewarded fairly and not to have certain powers over distribution policies. AI will continue to learn a variety of variables to determine optimal distribution policies and achieve complete decentralization.
  4. Decentralized Exchange (DEX) – ICON will integrate different DEX protocols on their platform to facilitate exchange of ICX and other future ICON platform currencies. Bancor protocol will be their first DEX protocol when mainent launches this month end and Kyber and others will follow. Not just throwing Kyber’s name out there, it was confirmed they are working with each other, official partnership yet to be announced.
You can also check ICON’s comparison with Ether and EOS on their website to learn more about its unique technical capabilities.
ICON’s credentials and why it can become the biggest blockchain in the world (In my humble opinion):
  1. ICON is started by a Korean fintech company Dayli Financial Group, which is currently valued at $4 billion. Dayli was formerly known as Yello Financial Group. Dayli is now established as the market leader in Korea with the largest blockchain network, with over 40 organizations in the financial services, insurance, education, artifiical intelligence, cryptocurrency and hospital space. They are trying to bring all this together through ICON. Btw, Dayli also owns Coinone, one of the leading cryptocurrency exchanges in the world with ~ 800 Million in daily trading volume and the first exchange to introduce Ethereum to South Korea.
  2. An experienced and 31 member dedicated team - 6 foundation council members who are also the founders of Dayli : ) This is how much ICON means to them. 15 blockchain developers and product managers, 5 Artificial intelligence specialists, 5 marketing, design and security specialists – a total of 31 member dedicated team at the time of ICO, which will grow many folds in the future. This team is supported by 8 world class advisors, including Don Tapascott, who visited Seoul to work with the team and other 100 employees of Dayli Financial. All employee bios can be accessed on ICON website.
  3. ICON project has been under development for over 2 years now, under TheLOOP and has real world applications. Loopchain is a distributed ledger that provides industry specific blockchain solutions The first production blockchain service, a KYC authentication platform, was launched in August 2017 with 25 securities firms. Check out their website to look at their impressive partners – Samsung, Kyobo, Meritz and many more. ICON also has Artifiical intelligence in house capability under the company DaVinci, which will support the development of the main platform. Read more about it on Davinci website.
  4. ICON has developed its own blockchain protocol called LFT (Loop Fault Tolerance), which is an enhanced BFT (Byzantine Fault Tolerance)32-based algorithm that promotes faster consensus and ensures the finality of the consensus without the possibility of forks within the network
  5. South Korea is ranked top 5 in ICT (Information and Communication Technologies) and the 11th largest economy in the world. South Koreans also have immense interest in the crypto space, where daily trading account for ~20-40% of total global volume. Most consider cryptocurrencies as an investment vehicle rather than payment solution or functional blockchain platforms. It’ll be interesting to see when one of their own public blockchain introduced in the country, how sectors from different industries come up with new use cases, and actual form of payment adapted by end consumers.
  6. Key Partnerships - 3 top Korean universities, Woori bank developing their digital coin(leading Korean bank), Daishain Securities, Chain ID for Kofia, SBI Ripple Asia parternship, DAVinCI selected as AI Solution Partner for Carnegie Mellon University x Emirate Hackathon. ( Will keep this up to date)
What’s next
  1. ICON (ICX) started trading on Binance this morning and will get listed on all the major exchanges soon. OkEx tomorrow.
  2. Testnet is already launched and Mainnet is expected to launch by end of this month – mid of January. Native ICX wallets for each platform (Web, desktop, IOS and Android) and DEX will also launch around the same time. Pro tip - Get ICON before this launch ; )
  3. Detailed roadmap for next year can be accessed through their website.
Final words – ICON has real contractual partnerships in place, with many more to come and a solid/dedicated team with big corporate backing to take ICON platform to the next level. These guys mean business. I strongly believe ICX will be one of the 10 Cryptocurrencies by end of 2018. Hope you found this post helpful. Cheers.
Edits - Formatting and grammar.
submitted by censorship_notifier to noncensored_bitcoin [link] [comments]

The synergy of Bitcoin and Ethereum.

I get the feeling that most of the bitcoin community looks at the Ethereum Project with a shifty eye, and understandably so, specially with all the pumps and dumps, but I just wanted to share some of my thoughts with you regarding this issue. First off, a disclaimer. I would like to say I have no connection to the project. I've never met any of the guys, but I did buy some ether (a small amount) during the sale. I first found out about Ethereum from a tweet from the one and only illusive Nick Szabo (his 3rd tweet). As Bit-heads, we've all spend a few hours of our lives trying to figure out who the fuck Satoshi Nakamoto is, and we've all inevitably have across Szabo's work. I thought No one knew who he really was, but that's beside the point. This man is brilliant. If you have not, you should go to his site, and read some of his writings. Specially Shelling Out -- The Origins of Money and bitgold which was basically bitcoin but without the POW. Half the community thinks Nick is actually Satoshi, and the other half thinks Satoshi came up with bitcoin after careful analysis of bitgold, and solved the Byzantine Generals Problem. The point is , this man is a legend to this community. (or at least should be) and he has tweeted about Ethereum 3 times. Business Insider has also quoted him as saying "Ethereum has vast potential, whereas Bitcoin won't ever do anything well beyond implementing a currency," programmer Nick Szabo, another early Bitcoin proponent who's recently begun tweeting after an extended absence from the internet, told us in an email several weeks ago.
Fast forward to Friday when Gavin Wood sent the Ethereum update and i read:
...Together with Vlad Zamfir, a number of potential approaches have been mooted over the past few weeks. Ultimately, we decided to follow the advice of some in our community, like Nick Szabo, who have urged us to focus on getting a working product off the ground and not try to make every last detail perfect before launching. In that regard, we’ve decided to move many of our more ambitious changes, including native extensions, auto-triggering events and proof of stake, into a planned future upgrade to happen around mid-to-late 2015.
So of course I went to /ethereum and asked, what does that exactly mean? and Vitalik replied with:
I spoke with him a couple of times, including in person. He was looking into our software and liked its smart contracting potential, but we had a few conversations where he direly warned us not to go down the path if Xanadu and try to make absolutely everything right and get sidelined by a worse-but-good-enough competitor like the World Wide Web in the process.
It seems like Szabo is also excited about this project since this will be, as far as I know, the very first blockchain with full turning-complete programming language. As you probably know, Satoshi left BTC turning-incomplete for several reasons. Among many, one was that It would introduce many layers of complexity and without knowing if the POW system would actually work, there was no reason to start with such a complex blockchain. Baby steps, yes? Read this if you're more interested in that topic. But I think he always hinted that we would eventually take full advantage of the blockchain technology, but a turning-incomplete environment is best for use of currency, since It is the most secure.
Which brings me to my point. (sorry, TL;DR I know) If Ethereum actually takes off, it will probably take bitcoin with it to Calisto. Here is what I mean. I think bitcoin as a currency and as a payment system is not going anywhere. It's here to stay for a long time like IPv4. But, in order for Ethereum DAPs to run they will need Gas. Gas will be primarily purchased with bitcoin! Just Think of the possibilities. Right now I can use my bitcoin to buy socks, computers, plane tickets, and whatever is on overstock. But what if Etherapps take off!?! Lets say that's a decentralized Facebook is launched on Ethereum and every time you login you have to pay .000004 btc but you'll know that your data is never going to be compromised! I know I would! Forget social media, any DAOs! Bitcoin could become the primary currency in the so called "web 3.0". talk about bypassing. I don't know, don't shoot me, but I personally think Ethereum will be the best thing that will ever happen to bitcoin.
Thoughts?
submitted by arsf1357 to Bitcoin [link] [comments]

05-16 22:56 - '[link]' by /u/TheDogeOfDogeStreet removed from /r/Bitcoin within 1-6min

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Context Link
Go1dfish undelete link
unreddit undelete link
Author: TheDogeOfDogeStreet
1: ***ium.com/@gav*fyork*why-ive-resi*ned**s-a-c*rat*r-of*the-*ao*2**528*b*4**#*ne*75jfw*
Unknown links are censored to prevent spreading illicit content.
submitted by removalbot to removalbot [link] [comments]

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